Burgundy is not just one unique and great vineyard, but it is in fact the name of a region in France that includes several vineyards: Chablis, Côte d’Or (made up of Côte de Beaune and Côte de Nuits), Côte Chalonnaise, Mâconnais and Beaujolais that is academically related to Burgundy but differs from it in terms of its size, style, soil and variety of grapes.
Despite producing a wealth of well-known wines that stretch back in time, surprisingly Burgundy wines yield an impression of simplicity and hardiness.
All but a few of the vast vineyards of Burgundy, which once belonged to the Church, were divided in the Napoleonic era, resulting in a mosaic of small parcels of land. In fact, though the average property today may be larger than previous times, the actual parcels of land hardly exceed six hectares. Clearly, this explains the scarcity of some wines, particularly the great wines of Côte de Nuit and Côte de Beaune.
In Burgundy itself, there are a total of nearly 100 appellations contrôlées (controlled appellations).
Based on the said geographic designations (appellations), one finds a quality classification that is a work of art in itself. Moreover, the Burgundy climates are now on the World Heritage list set by UNESCO.